Immigration to Canada: A Complete Guide to Canadian Immigration

Do you have these questions in mind?

What immigration programs can I apply for?
Which is the easiest province to immigrate to Canada?
How much money do you need to immigrate to Canada?
What is the age limit for immigration to Canada?
What is the easiest way to move to Canada?

Immigrating to Canada

Immigrating to Canada is dream for many as the great northern nation has a lot to offer for its people. Secure future, jobs opportunities, quality education, health services, social welfare, quality of life, everything makes this country the best choice for immigration. However there are lots of aspects the immigrant will need to know prior to arriving Canada. The expenses could vary based on the region. The government of Canada always recommends to research on the cost of living in different regions based on where you are intending to live. The initial days could be difficult for settlement so, you will need to have enough fund for yourself or also for your family and others if they are arriving Canada with you. It is also important to comply with each step for application process. The application process could take some time however, it’s worth waiting for Canada permanent residency.

Funds disclosure for Immigrating to Canada

You will need to tell about the fund you are holding to the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) officer if you are carrying more than $10,000 CAD. The funds can be in any form like cash, bankers’ drafts, travelers’ cheques, money orders, cheques, or securities like bonds, stocks, treasury bills etc.

Working in Canada

Though Canada invites application from skilled workers around the world for the permanent residency, finding employment in Canada can be tricky. It definitely requires planning. Obtaining all important information on finding the job before immigration is very necessary. Unlike Express Entry, Provincial Nominee Class doesn’t seek for credential assessment or licensing. However, it is important to have the knowledge on this issues and also get the credentials assessed before immigrating to Canada. It is helpful always to register on job banks as this helps to stay updated with opportunities.

Canada has regulated and non-regulated occupations. Non-regulated occupations have no definite requirements. Similarly, there are no requirements associated with licensing. The employer set the standards based on the requirement of the firm. The low skilled type occupations involve in the non-regulated occupations. The employer may opt for registration with any professional association.

The occupations like nurses, engineers, electricians, and teachers come under regulated jobs. They require certain level of qualification and experience. As per data, almost 20 percent of the people are involved in regulated occupations that protect the safety and health of the Canadians. Regulated jobs require credentials assessment and license. Territorial and provincial authorities are responsible to establish the entry requirements for all individual occupations. This formalizes recognition of prior training, experience and credentials and helps for issuing licenses the individual need to practice. The recognition process could vary between occupations and between provinces. This could require the individuals to:

  • Provide documents related to qualifications
  • Give a language examination (may differ from the one required during immigration)
  • Appear for a technical exam (may charge fee)
  • Complete supervised works

Credential Assessment

Credential assessment helps to find the equivalence of another country’s qualification to that of Canadian qualifications. This is important for recognition on where the candidate stands in terms of qualification during the application for Canada Permanent Residency. However, it is important to remember that the credential assessment cannot guarantee its acceptance by an employer in Canada or issuance of license to practice by a regulatory body. Credential assessment is more important for understanding educational system of Canada and also search for a job.

How do I find Labour market information?

Canada experiences a huge shortage of labor and skilled workers often which is why it invites hundreds and thousands of foreign skilled works to apply for the permanent residency. However, each region has its own labor market conditions and job opportunities. This is also why Provincial Nominee Class comes to effect where each Province nominates applicants based on their necessity. It is always helpful to get the information beforehand on job market and opportunities in the region were you are intending to work.

What is a family member Canada Immigration?

As per immigration authority of Canada, family members include your common-law partner, your spouse, dependent children and their dependent children.

Spouse – The government of Canada recognizes spouse as a family member. Spouse to either husband or wife (same or the opposite gender) who are married and have also gone through legal recognition of the relationship in any country where the marriage took place, or in Canada itself. It is important to note that Canadian authority doesn’t recognize the marriage valid if either or both weren’t physically present during the ceremony and got into the marital affair via telephone, fax, internet or proxy.

Common-law partner – Common-law partners refer to the couple who share commitment and are living in a conjugal relationship. They can be of the same or opposite gender and have been living with each other for at least a year. They share same home, have children together and are also support for each other in terms of finances and emotional need. They are couple in public. The government of Canada recognizes such association though there aren’t legal recognition of marriages or any of such formal events. The government also considers the couple who haven’t been able to live together due to various restrictions beyond their control but were in a conjugal relationship for at least a year. They can still qualify and apply as family member.

Dependent children – The children of the couple qualify as dependent children and may apply for Canada Permanent Resident visa if they are under the age of 22 during the time when the authority receive the application. The age will change during the course of application but this doesn’t matter and the age during the time of application only comes to consideration. Similarly, the dependent children are eligible for application as a family member if they don’t have common-law partner or spouse. There is a special provision for the children above the age of 22. If the children needs financial support of the parents due to any mental or physical infirmity and have depended for the very support even before, they still qualify to apply as a family member.

One has multiple options based on the expertise, and qualification to migrate to Canada. Canada Express Entry remains the most popular among all. It is dedicated to invite skilled workers from all around the world.

What are your Canadian immigration options? 

Except Canad Express entry program, there are various Canadian Immigration Options such as:

  1. Family sponsorship

Under this scheme, the person with Canadian citizenship status or permanent residency can sponsor the relatives, spouse, children, partner, parents, grandparents and also many others for immigration to Canada. Further, they will also be able to apply for permanent residency in Canada, live, work and study there. You can sponsor them if you are 18 years or older and possess permanent residency status or a Canadian citizenship. There are certain fees for the application. You can find the application process, terms and all the guides in the official website.

The fee for sponsoring a spouse or a partner is 1,050 Canadian dollars. For a child the fee could start from 150 Canadian dollars. The processing time is usually about 12 months but it varies according to the country of the applicant. Fee for sponsoring the parents or grandparents start from 1,050 Canadian dollars per person and the processing time usually takes about 20 to 24 months. For all types of sponsorship, it costs 1,050 Canadian dollars for an adult. For the child, the fee starts from 150 Canadian dollars.

  • Quebec-selected skilled workers

Canada has a separate provincial nominees program for those willing to immigrate to Canada for a better life. Under provincial nominee program, provinces or territory nominate the applicants. Unlike other provinces Quebec has a different process. Those preferring to live and settle in Quebec as a Canada permanent resident need to apply for Quebec-selected skilled workers program. This province has set its own standards and process including the rules. The province also has an agreement with the government of Canada on this immigration process. Application to this program requires two steps application. First, you need to apply for Quebec Selection Certificate. You will go through assessment by the province for this based on their rules. Upon finding you eligible, they issue the QSC and you can further apply for Canada Permanent Residence to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). The fees for Quebec skilled workers program starts at 1,325 Canadian dollars. It takes 15 to 17 months for the application to be processed.

  • Atlantic Immigration Pilot

This program allows foreign nationals to secure Canada Permanent Residency by securing a job in Atlantic Canada or graduating from any school in the region. It applies to Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador. The employers based on these regions can hire skilled workers from abroad with intention of immigrating to Canada. Similarly, it also helps the students who are graduating but want to continue staying in Canada even after the graduation, live and work there. The employers can hire via Atlantic International Graduate Program, Atlantic High-skilled Program or Atlantic Intermediate-skilled Program. They have their own requirements and upon meeting the requirements, the candidate can proceed with permanent residency application. It is also important for the employer to be designated by the government of the region.

  • Caregivers

This program is designed to facilitate the individuals involved in work as a caregiver and want to be a permanent resident in Canada. Foreign nationals can opt for immigration by working in child-care, care for elderly or even the ones with medical needs. Caregivers can apply through Home Support Worker Pilot or Home Child Care Provider Pilot. This requires the application to meet all eligibility requirements and also possess a job offer. There is provision for work permits that allow to work temporarily under these pilots. However, it’s only for specific occupation. Similarly, this also helps the candidate to get additional work experiences helping to earn valuable points for permanent residence eligibility. Any prior experience in the very occupation helps in earning the eligibility for Canada permanent residence.

  • Start-up visa program

This scheme or the program encourages aspiring entrepreneurs and start-up leaders. Canada wants to invite all those capable minds that can start a business and even create jobs or play an important role for supporting other innovative entrepreneurs. Innovation, scope of creating job opportunities and ability to compete on global scale make to the attributes for this program. There are various designated organizations in Canada and upon receiving support from any of them, you shall be able to immigrate to Canada and also receive the Canada permanent residency. In addition to that Quebec also has a business immigration program if the applicant is interested to live in Quebec.

  • Self-employed

Canada also has a program for immigration as a self-employed. Under certain provisions and criteria, one can apply for permanent residency. However, this requires for relevant experiences in athletics or culture and should also be willing to contribute to the athletic life and culture of Canada. The applicant needs to provide the proof to justify he/she possesses relevant experiences on the occupation and also meet other conditions like fund, security, medical and others. The authority assesses application based on education, experience, age, adaptability and language abilities. The document stating police verifications and medical clearances for the applicant and family members are mandatory.

  • Rural and Northern Immigration

This is one of the new programs that welcome foreign immigrants. Smaller rural communities of Canada in the North look for economic support and hence open immigration for skilled workers. There are various communities participating in the program looking forward to strengthen their economy. The communities have their own requirements. Upon meeting the IRCC eligibility requirements and community’s requirements, the immigrant can request for a letter of recommendation to the community and further proceed with the PR application. The community expects the candidates who meet the economic needs of the community.

  • Agri-Food Immigration Pilot

Under Agri-food immigration program, Canada aims to fulfill its labor demand in agricultural and food industry. The foreign labors interested in Canadian agri-food sector for employment opportunities can apply for permanent residency via this pilot. The need is particularly in mushroom production and meat processing. The country adapts new industry approaches to in agri-food sectors. Canada demands for labor in the agri-food sector until the year of 2023. This program also intends to attract non-seasonal and experienced workers. For this, the candidates need to possess Canadian work experience and also receive an offer for the job from an employer in Canada. The offer should be from the occupation or the industry listed eligible for the program.

  • Refugees

Canada also allows the individuals with refugee’s status to apply for permanent residency. There are various refugee services in Canada that help through the process of acquiring a residency in Canada. One might be seeking asylum due to various reasons and Canada considers them as per their jurisdiction and immigration policies.

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